Entries by JRL

Intelligence and the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

The blame for the attack on Pearl Harbor cannot be laid solely on intelligence failures. The Pearl Harbor investigations affixed plenty of blame to faulty leadership, inflexible policies and procedures, and overall complacency after more than two decades of peace. These same investigations, however, called attention to the long overlooked concepts that intelligence work not only required expert personnel and continuity in time of peace, but that it also should be recognized as an essential function of command.

Fort Monmouth, NJ – Army

The post was home to several units of the U.S. Army Materiel Command, Communications Electronic Command (CECOM) and offices of the Army Acquisition Executive (AAE) that research and manage Command and Control, Communications, Computing, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) capabilities and related technology, as well as an interservice organization designed to coordinate C4ISR, an academic preparatory school, an explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) unit, a 902d Military Intelligence Group Office, a garrison services unit, an Army health clinic, and a Veterans Administration health clinic. Other agencies, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and Federal Emergency Management Agency, have presences on the post.

The post was selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission in 2005. Most Army functions and personnel were required to be moved to Army facilities in Maryland, Aberdeen Proving Ground, and a few to Ohio by 2011. The fort officially closed on September 15, 2011.

Gero Iwai: Army CI Agent

In the early morning hours of December 7, 1941, the Japanese Air Force bombed the US Naval fleet anchored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. According to the multi-volume “History of the Counter Intelligence Corps” (CIC), “During the first minutes of the raid, agents of the Corps of Intelligence Police (CIP), scattered throughout the island of Oahu, raced to CIP headquarters in the Dillingham Building in downtown Honolulu. A hurried 10-minute conference and the agents were out on their first assignment of the war. Following a previously arranged plan, they dispersed in teams. Their mission was to apprehend all pro-Japanese sympathizers.” CIP agents began rounding up individuals on a “pickup list” compiled over the previous 10 years. Within days, more than 400 individuals had been arrested and confined at a makeshift detention camp.

CIC Detachment Ensures Success of the Manhattan Project

The United States program to develop the atomic bomb, codenamed the Manhattan Project, began in August 1942. From the beginning, the need for security was paramount. By February 1943, a more comprehensive counterintelligence program was warranted and Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) agents Capt. Horace K. Calvert and Capt. Robert J. McLeod were assigned to the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) to organize the Intelligence Section. More CIC personnel followed, with agents stationed at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Chicago; St. Louis; Site Y (Los Alamos, New Mexico); and Berkeley, California.

Lint Center Announces Virtual Archive for National Security (LC-VANS)

The Lint Center for National Security Studies, a non-profit organization focused on supporting

the next generation of America’s National Security professionals through scholarship and

mentoring opportunities, today is pleased to announce the launch of its new Virtual Archive for

National Security.

It was only nine years after the devastation at Pearl Harbor in 1941 and no one believed that a

surprise attack could happen to U.S. forces ever again. But it did,” observed James R. Lint,

Founder and CEO of the Lint Center for National Security Studies. “The surprise attack by

communist forces from the North in Korea, sparking the Korean War, changed American

national security assessments, as it helped to crystalize the implications of strategic surprise in

geopolitics as well as to American security interests globally.”